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not expect to witness an election won by overinflate. some will look longingly on the time when one candidate dominated the political scene. lyndon johnson grittily be very goldwater and richard nixon, overwhelming george mcgovern. each of those elections, one of the candidates failed to capture the spirit of the american voting public and the winner had the advantage of a weak opponent. franklin roosevelt won his second term landslide because of huge popularity. and many of our presidential elections, the candidates are in a fitted title to present themselves as the one capable of serving the country with the winner is walking off with the modern maturity. the customary wisdom that the campaign between the incumbent president and his opponent will be either a referendum on the first term of the president or a judgment of which candidate would be the better theater. is there really a difference between these two considerations? is it not boil down to judging the leadership skill of the incumbent based on effectiveness during his first term versus the unknown leadership skills of the challenge
as a permanent campaign, where everyday is election day in campaigning and election may make for uncompromising minds. you stand in your principles, mobilize your base, drawing endless amounts of money. 20 for seven new site will cover his politics is that it's a horserace and the horse are on steroids coming in to fund the campaign. but we mean by the uncompromising mindset is a minor that cared towards election and not towards governing. >> host: president gutmann come at you right to chew in your co-author, dennis thompson as we observe the changing scene in american politics, we came to believe the general problem could be addressed by concentrating on a particular institution, the united states congress. why is that? >> guest: if you want to see the problem with the uncompromising mindset, look no further than the 112th congress in washington. gridlock, nothing gets past the least legislation in the last 50 years. why? everybody's campaigning all the time. there's very little by way of relationships across the aisle and we ran up to a break of the debt ceiling crisis in compromise was reac
east. but because of elections, elections, today governments across the middle east in egypt, tunisia, libya, pal stipe, turkey, iraq -- palestine, turkey, iraq, they are all pursuing at least, at least independent foreign policies which are by definition much less enthusiastic about strategic cooperation with the united states and much more open to the islamic republic of iran. simply put, today the united states is in a profoundly weaker position in the middle east, and the islamic republic of rapp is in a significantly -- of iran is in a significantly stronger position. that has essentially happened because there has been a dramatic shift in the middle east balance of power. in our book, "going to tehran," we describe how part of why this shift has and is occurring is because of mistakes in american policies in the middle east. but we also describe in our book that part of what is going on is something vastly upside appreciated in -- underappreciated in the west which are the successes of the islamic republic of iran which are also driving the shift in the regional balance of power
. in this conversation we have the rear picture -- rare picture of king advising johnson how he's going to get re-elected in 1968 by getting the southern blacks registered. johnson is advising king -- johnson, who detests demonstrating in the streets, as most elected officials did -- is giving king clues about how he can make those demonstrations more effective. here we go. sound, lights, camera. someone let me know whether we have it or we don't. because i'm going to keep on talking. at any rate a close working relationship became even closer as civil rights movement and people in congress tried to put an end, finally, for all time, they hoped, black citizens being denied the right to vote. the first crisis came at the edmund pet tiss bridge -- pettis bridge in selma, alabama. king's lieutenants started off on a march from the town of selma, across the bridge with the stated intent of marching to montgomery. none of them had toothpaste or backpack -- a few of them had backpacks. it was a challenge. the idea was to produce a confrontation. and it did. i'm sure all of us have seen the pictures of sherr ri
to talk about it. but with the recent election has given me gratification. our forefathers were citizens, and by the way they were all men, a favorite of the community, the elite of that society, businessmen, a successful farmers, people who had high education. and they traveled the world and learned from other cultures. they had out -- studied government from other countries from taking and choosing from the various things and do come up with creative solutions for the issues they thought had not been resolved. what i am gratified is more people are voting now than they have in the past years. it is their obligation. to not let the country just happened. but create the country they want. that is why i tell people when they ask how you feel about the immigration law? how do you feel? because they generally have cases and i don't want to people to believe i made at my mind. i haven't prettify express an opinion that is what they will believe. but having said that, what i often say is why aren't you asking yourself? what you doing about it? if you thank you don't like something? that is wh
. and if there had been no candidate goldwater in 1964, there would have been no president-elect ronald reagan in 1980. it was goldwater who proved his famous time for choosing television address which made him a political star overnight and led to his running for governor of california and eventually president of these united states. david recounts how bill rusher shore up the goldwater committee when money ran short and spirits sagged. skillfully guided young americans for freedom in his early chaotic days and forced some order and discipline on the blind spirits who ran the "national review," expanded the conservative movement through the tv program the advocates, his newspaper column and lectures and champion ronald reagan when other conservatives were somewhat skeptical about the actor turned politician. bill loved american politics, traveling to distant land, and national review's effervescent edit her bill buckley of whom he once said, quote, the most exasperating people in the world are so often the most beloved and he is no exception. david frisk has captured this and more in his sple
of it is to rebuild the middle class. i just don't see any social policies on the horizon -- the election is over. we have heard everything the candidates had to say. not one said anything intelligent about, this is how you rebuild the american middle class. so, little tiny book. not all that think. tells three stories. what doesn't work, and why it doesn't work, what does work, and why it does work, what could work and how to make it work. >> host: professor gelles, do you come at this from a liberal or conservative point of view? you mentioned fox news. >> guest: practical. i've worked in policy in washington. i've been a dean of the school of social policy. and i find that purple is my color. i'm not interested in taking an ideological point of view. i'm interest in results. and the danger of writing a book like this is -- i've already discovered it -- my extremely liberal friend wish i had never written the book and my extremely conservative friends which i didn't want to spend this much of the government money. if i can tick both sides off and be true to the data, then i've done the book i wante
don't think this is before they talk about it, but i will talk about one thing the recent elections in have any gratification about. our forefathers were citizens statesman. back then by the way they were all meant so that's why i use the word statesman. they were people who work of the community they were in. they were the elite of our society to the they were businessmen, very successful scholars. they were people who had higher education's and they actually travel the world and learn from other cultures. the constitution was written by men who had studied the government's through history and other countries and picking and choosing from the various things that they saw describing the things they felt didn't work and coming up with creative solutions for the issues they thought hadn't been resolved by others. more people are voting now than they had in past years because of worries me when the citizens for debt that it is their obligation not to let the country just happened, but to create a the country that they want. they tell me how did you feel about immigration lollies, the i
characteristic of a lot of our work. but we feel it was necessary. >> host: thomas mann, did the 2012 elections clarify anything? >> guest: by all appearances it was a status quo election returning us to the division of power; obama in the white house, democrats in control of the senate, republicans of the house. but appearances can be deceiving and in this case are. the most important reality of the election is that the republican effort to oppose anything and everything proposed by obama almost like a parliamentary party was not rewarded. taking the debt ceiling hostage was not rewarded, calling the obama health care plan -- which was their own only a few years earlier -- socialism was not reward withed. rewarded. that means they have to begin to rethink themselves and, importantly, democrats will not automatically embrace the same tactics in opposition. so i think that was the important change that creates a new dynamic not that's going to solve our problems. there's going to be no sitting around the campfire in washington making nice to one another. but the possibility now exists for a real
to be a watchdog. i used to say, what start in a lap dog. so that in changing the election of the commission, and even though later we were able to get some traction push the door, growing out of the 2000 election, the voters election, the commission has never been the same since that time. so reagan in the sense succeeded in making in the body that could not listen to ordinary people or that would not listen to ordinary people. not independent. they kept trying. the commissioners felt like they should just endorse whatever the administration felt. if you're going to do that, people appointed political appointees all over government his job is to do that. your job is to monitor them. right now all those other suppression activity that took place all across the country in the whole big debate about it, the civil rights commission should have been at the center of that debate based on its history, its experience with floating and voting rights suppression and making recommendations. it was nowhere to be seen. and so what it has done is subverted the mission that was supposed to have. what it n
political seers? >> you get elected officials you deserve, and i know this. i'm a politician. they respond to pressure and respond. so we always push the attention to washington or to trenton, albany, or city hall, but we can organize. we have the power to exercise pressure, demands, influence on our elected officials. .. >> when kids stand up in certain neighborhoods and kids stand up in more affluent neighborhoods s and they say those words, "liberty and justice for all," that phrase should be a command, should be a compelling aspiration. and there should be a conscious conviction amongst us to make that real. but right now we are lacking that sense of urgency. and we can't sit around and wait for elected leaders to do it, because when i think about great movements in america, i don't really think that they were led by elected officials. elected officials were often responding to the pressure or responding to the leadership on the ground. and that's really what we should be doing. when we're thinking about voting, conversations, debates, how can we have an entire presidential debate, and
you support in the election and he said oh wyclef jean. and i said why wyclef jean? he is an american and he speaks creole like i do, which he does. i don't know which one i'm flattering more. [laughter] and he said yes, i know but if he is american that means that when he is elected president we are all going to -- [inaudible] [laughter] he said this. in terms of the allegations which have only gotten worse with time, you know it's hard to say. there hasn't really been any substantive proof brought forward that the allegations were wrong. the allegations are mostly based on paperwork and filings or lack thereof by the irs. one of the nice things about the way businesses conducted in this clearly and clearly not without problems but at the very least there are filing agencies and oversight agencies and usually when you have done something wrong, so long as somebody is willing to look for you it's less of a paper trail. and he seems to have gotten caught up in that. you know, it's interesting when you talk to wyclef jean i think like a lot of people haitian and otherwise who come into
with the election of abi who wants to finally get japan out of what's close to two decades of what you might call a lost period of time. and he's come forth, as you know, with this new stimulus package which is equivalent to 116 billion u.s., 10 trillion yen, 2.2% of gdp. a lot of that would go for infrastructure, a lot to the north for earthquake area. but, of course, we've seen 14 such packages since the late 1990s. and this one has to be different. and also he's pressing the bank of japan. of last time i was here was to -- last time i was here was to introduce governor shirakawa several years ago who i think is a very good governor of one of the major central banks in the world, pressing him to put in more monetary stimulus which i think is necessary. but i, one of the points that was made right in this room several years ago by the governor, and i've been with him three times in the last two months, is, you know, monetary and fiscal stimulus aren't enough. in the case of japan, you need major deregulation. i think major structural reforms, deregulation in the service area. so hopefully that'l
did things like bush v. gore, going out of the 2000 election with the voter suppression. but the commission has never been the same since that time. so vacant and a sense exceeded in making anybody but couldn't listen to ordinary people are that wouldn't listen to a very people and was not independent and they kept trying so they could endorse whatever the administration. i said if you're going to do that, they have officers and political appointees oliver government whose job is to do that. your job is to monitor them and tell the public what they're doing it to make suggestions for how things should be approved. right now in the most recent election, albeit tentative at pace across the country, the civil rights commission should have been at the center of that debate based on its history, experience developing and voting rights oppression and make recommendation. it is nowhere to be seen. so what it has done it subverted the mission it is to have. and what needs to happen is that needs to be converted to the congress into another kind of body or they ought to get rid o
thoughtful readers that i read shortly after the election of president obama discussed the possibility that now finally we can move forward because they recognize this nation is capable of not only embracing blacks as americans, but electing a black man to be the leader of the most powerful nation on the planet. so i was hopeful, but it didn't last long. it's a lot of things like that that pop up. it had it not more theory than actual practical meaning. >> host: in your view, does the republican party have a responsibility to reach out to african-americans? >> guest: yes, they do. i think they fail to be quite honest. i was disappointed to hear that representative alan west from florida had a meeting on capitol hill with a group of black conservatives and invited the national committee and they didn't show out. by the pragmatic side of me understands they feel that they're going to invest time in building an electoral coalition, they probably are went to get a whole lot out of work in the black community. it is a person the political arena as they are very much into a return on investm
said i know but if he is american that means when he is elected president that means you all get a visa. [laughter] he said that. with the allegations that have only gotten worse with time, it is hard to say there is not proved that they are wrong there mostly based with paperwork for filings with the irs. then eyes way business is conducted in this country that at least there are five main agencies so normally when you have done something wrong if somebody goes to look for you have a paper trail. he seems to be caught up in that. when you talk to wyclef, a lot of people to agree he does have big dreams and he does want his organization to help life get better but that organization has been shut down. i don't know if there will be a criminal follow-up but it is pretty ugly. things did not turn out well in the end. >> with all the problems that occurred during katrina, why do think they did not do a more effective job with the engagements the president bush and clinton? that is a very good question. basically this is not the first time aid has gone wrong or not done what it was set out t
gambling cover in savannah, police protective houses in athens, elections fraud in the county, truck stops in rome, the mills in south georgia, state payroll padding, embezzlement of tax funds, confects for private work, nepotism from purchasing schemes such as the state board of leaks with no water. [laughter] on i could go on. many of these expos ase took place during the griffin administration which president carter can attest notoriously corrupt. they had never stolen so much. but ronald griffin was kind of day for giving sort of croak. quite a few years later she and jack and other reporters were drinking and marvin griffin said to jack you know how use to think every time i would see him walking into a press conference was a notebook, and jack said what? he said i used to think with that beady eye son of a bitch has on me today. [laughter] she used to pursue the story for the "l.a. times," and he was always -- i think we have to watch our time here so i just going to end by saying how happy i am that this book is published because she had such a wonderful career in washington it tend
. >> everybody got quiet. good afternoon. welcome to the heritage foundation and to our elected by the was lerman auditorium. we welcome those who are joining a some of these occasions on our heritage website. for those and house as we prepare to begin, please make sure cell phones had been turned off. it is a courtesy that the speakers to appreciate. we will oppose the program within 24 hours on our heritage home page for your further reference as well. hosting our event today is steven bougie. director of r. douglass and sarah alice and center for policy studies. he previously served as senior research fellow for defense. the homeland security. he is well versed in the special area operations and cyber security areas as well as defense support to civil authority. he served for three decades as an army special forces officer in top pentagon official. in july 2001 he assumed the duties of military assistant to secretary rumsfeld and work daily with the secretary for the next five and a half years. upon retirement from the army continued at the pentagon as deputy assistant secretary of defense hom
this. there'll be elections in italy and we will see how we does. but you need popular mandates to get changes really through. i'm encouraged with the ireland. they're making good progress getting back to the market but there's still a lot of problems. the latest victim is cyprus. the banks held a lot of greek paper. they ran up the deficit there, and so they are the latest bailout case that we are going to see. that each country is different, and that leads to what is the same, and that's contagion. europeans did not want to see that there was contagion at the time of greece. and no matter who you talk to with a few i think exceptions, policymakers, they thought they would be no contagion out of greece in 2010. well, we know there's been plenty of contagion. the minister of finance of germany an made a statement to a group of us in tokyo at the imf meetings there a couple months ago. when he was asked what was the biggest mistake you made so far in the european debt crisis, and he said we did not understand and did not accept the idea of contagion. and boy, europe has paid for that co
to change it, but the election as president of bolivia who as you know marks the real turning point in bolivia's's relations in the international community, and in terms of the government's policy towards the coca leaf. basically the administration adopted that coca yes, cocaine no approach. they eliminated the force to ratification strategy that had led to so many human-rights violations, social conflict and replaced that with a program of voluntary social control which has actually had better results than the previous policies and a better results than in neighboring peru. in 2011 there was a 13% decrease in the production in that country according to the to this government. but with regards to the international convention the government began a campaign to try to correct this historical error and the first thing they did with everyone agreed with was to try to amend the 61 convention by removing the two sub paragraphs that basically say it needs to be abolished in the 25 year period that has now patched some years ago. they simply wanted to delete those paragraphs. without any ob
, the election of morales as president of bolivia who is a coca grower himself marks a real turning point for relations with the international community and in terms of the government's policy towards the coca leaf. they basically, the morales administration adopted a coca yes, cocaine no approach. they eliminated the forced eradication strategies that had led to so many human rights violations, violet social conflict and replaced that with a program of voluntary social control which has actually had better results than the previous policies and certainly better results than, say, neighboring peru. in 2011 there was a 13% decrease in netco ca production in that country, according to the u.s. government. but with regards to the international conventions, the government began a campaign to try and right this, correct this historical error. and the first thing they did which everyone agreed was sort of a modest effort at change was to try and amend the '61 convention by removing the two subparagraphs that basically seiko ca leaf chewing needs to be abolished during the 25-year period. they s
for your remarks. you say americans fundamentally don't want big government so why do we keep electing big government? >> that is a fair question. i don't know. i saw that after the last election. when you ask them questions they don't. but unfortunately a lot of people can't integrate what that means they want to the free lunch and if they want the benefits so is the intellectual disconnect and lack of integration that is the fundamental issue where the objective arguments are more important to show them it doesn't work with negative consequences we have to show older people held that it is for their children and of the grandmother's what to do bad things to there grandchildren they have let people rationalize but in "the new yorker" you have to know anybody who writes that is so detached from reality it is hard to take them seriously but they want to think there is no problem even though the facts are there had to keep people inspired at the same time to tell people i would give used a false negative consequences. it is a harder message. everybody in here as a parent knows if your kid is
of the scandals that broke. expos is an illegal gambling part. police protective whorehouses, election fraud and a truck stop models, marriage mills and south georgia, state payroll padding, embezzlement of tax funds, use of convicts for private work, nepotism, purchasing schemes such as the time the state brought a bunch of boats with the bottoms for lakes with the waters. i could go one. many of these expos dais took place during the griffin administration which president carter can well a test was notoriously corrupt. i think it was in the reader's digest, never had so many stolen so much. but marvin griffin was kind of a forgiving sort of kirk. he -- quite a few years later he and jack and some other reporters were sitting around drinking. marvin griffin said to jack, you know, what i used to think every time i would see you walking into a press conference with a notebook. jack said, what? and he said, i used to think and i wonder what that bsn of a bitch as of midday. [laughter] jack left the constitution in 1965 tab pursue the civil rights story for the l.a. times. and he was always --
he's planning to be elected the attorney general of arkansas, then the governor of arkansas and president of the united states. this is something that everyone who knows him knows about and they talk about all the time. it's not from the university of arkansas, she goes to georgetown and from georgetown he becomes the arkansas candidate for the fallujah that goes to oxford. he is an incredible success everywhere but he cannot handle the sustained ongoing relationship with a woman. he's attracted to the kind of women his mother directed him him to that are the duty queens and attractive and that really is where his eyes had been. so this comes back to yale law school. there he meets hillary rodham.
. this was a japanese soldier who elected to stay in the jungle after the war was over. the island of guam and he stayed there with another guy until 1960. he came out 15 years after the end of the war and went back to japan as a hero and had a movie made about him and all that. by a quirk of faith i happened to find his long-lost diary actually here in washington. i went to return it to him some years later and he came back to guam and i met him and gave him back his long-lost diary out it was a very emotional thing as you can imagine. >> you looked at prisoners from the allied side in the japanese. how were they treated differently and where they treated differently? >> yes they were treated very differently. the americans of course were treated very brutally, not much food comp and not much medicine, hard labor and a lot of physical beatings. and the japanese military training which thought it was disloyal to surrender. so these american p.o.w.s were considered not honorable men and they were treated that way. on the other hand of course the u.s. treated the japanese prisoners in accord with the gene
. [laughter] said this book stands with the actual election. since then camorra talked a lot about it why the republicans lost. i actually wrote a poem about back, which has called republicans soul-searching, were searching our souls and wondering why we got beat so badly our rivals are gloating. it's obvious now where our campaign went wrong. we should have prevented more people from voting. [laughter] and there was one very that the problem was as romney church victories the center, which is traditional in american politics that you appeal to the base of the party in the primary to the center. and he did try to move to the center. the second debate i wrote a poem called from abc's sword into shares and the third debate when he moved further, he said from abc shares into feather duster's. [laughter] and one of the theories is while he did the -- did that come as some people the party were preaching things most americans didn't believe in. todd akin, for instance. i did a poem called the female reproduction system, a lecture by todd akin. [laughter] a member of the house committee on scie
scientists say the time between election day in november and inauguration day in 11 weeks that it too short a time for a president to get ready to assume orbit? lyndon johnson had two hours and 6 minutes basically, the time in which he was sworn in on the plane, air force one, let's get airborne and landed in washington. he had to get off of the plane ready to be president of the united states and to see him step in with no preparation at all at a time when president kennedy's entire legislative program, civil-rights and every one of his other major bills as well was stalled completely by the southern committee chairman who controlled congress as they have been controlling it for over a quarter of a century, to see him get that program up and running and passing it, ramming it through, to what lyndon johnson do that in the first weeks after kennedy's assassination, is a lesson in what president can do if he not leno's all of the levers to pull but has the will in lyndon johnson's case, almost vicious drive to do it, to win, is to say over and over again and always saying to myself when i'm
, and it's a brilliant one. we asked the people who they would pick for to vote in an election but we listed al qaeda and taliban. fewer than 1% of the people in fatah said they would vote for either one of these groups. so the support for these groups is quite, very, limited to a very small minority of people. instead of supporting the militants, interestingly enough, nearly seven out of 10 residents of fatah want the pakistani military, the pakistani military alone and without u.s. help, to come in and pursue the militants and take care of them in their area. pretty stunning finding. so the popular support is that these militants draw from is limited largely to response of military action in the area. as bryant alluded to, it's a tactic. he this was a fascinating finding the the antagonism toward u.s. policy was not coming from any kind of general anti-american feeling. in fact, almost three course of the people in tribal areas said their opinion of the united states would improve most by a great deal if the united states provided humanitarian aid, and believed or not, this is a wor
was elected president. that's what i decided i've got to do this book. i had written a few pieces for the "washington post" before that, so i had some basis of research, particularly on his mother. and i think that when i get home from this incredible kenyan journey, i'll have the kenyan and kansas side of the story pretty much completed. and that's when the story begins, interweaving to incredible different worlds that helped create this person. >> who came up with the title of this book? >> i did. just bouncing around, out of africa, and then i said will come out of africa, out of hawaii, out of kansas, out of indonesia, out of chicago, out of this world. and so, the book is two things. it's the world that created obama, and then how he re-created himself. so the first -- i'm not sure of the proportions yet, and it will be important for me to get it right, perhaps even the first half of the book, or not quite that much, the main character isn't even on the stage yet. and then the second half of the book is largely in chicago, was also education, california, new york, boston thro
say i am ready to start writing. i started this book the essentially the day after obama was elected president that's when i decided i'd got to do this book. i'd written a few pieces for "the washington post" before that so i had a basis of research particularly on his mother, and i think when i get home from this incredible journey i will have the kansas side of the story pretty much completed and that's where the story begins, it's a weaving these incredible worlds that helped create this person. >> host: who came up with the title? >> guest: i did. i was just bouncing around of africa and then i set out of africa come out of dalia, kansas, indonesia, chicago, out of this world. the book is two things it's the world that created obama and then how he recreate himself so i'm not sure the proportions yet and will be important to get it right but perhaps even the first half of the book the main character isn't even on the stage yet and the second act of the book is largely chicago with his education in california, new york and boston thrown in some but largely chicago and that is when
house affected the outcome of a presidential election in 1836. bizarre. so here's the punchline at the end. eaton dies, the secretary of war. he's older than little peg. and he did well financially, is so little peg does well in washington, d.c. as this extravagant bid toe that everyone likes to gossip about. and she goes to all the parties and makes the social pages. but little peg then shocks everyone by, she's a grandmother now, she marries a man decades younger than her, an italian ballet dancer, i think his name was antonio. [laughter] well, he's the ballet teacher for her granddaughter. she marries him. so cher, madonna, all the cougars here in boca raton got nothing on little peg. she was the first cougar. [laughter] so she marries a man decades younger than he was which was a huge controversy. they're out traveling, and one day she wakes up, and he's gone. she goes back home, she finds out he went back to her home and cleaned her out, takes her granddaughter and goes back to italy. so now she's destitute. this is before social security, medicare, unemployment comp and ev
don't think to date i happen to be even with the recent election results i happen to be fairly optimistic, and i know that sounds strange. i do think there are two things. i think for the american sense of life is a protector to the degree that americans fundamentally in some level don't like big government. they don't like big government, and when times seem to be going the wrong direction and get positive surprises like we did in 2010 when the american pushback said we really don't like this direction and i think that is in on caveat but the biggest thing that we have in the reform is that we have the best ideas. the good news is that the status on doesn't work. it failed over and over again. people tell me how surprised they were when the soviet union failed. as an economist it didn't surprise me at all. communism always fails what they will do, they might do something crazy but it always feels, and state and some always fails and the question is when it fails will we be there with the right ideas to move in the right direction and that is heritage, the work of cato, and we
is planning to be elected at turner -- eternal jenrry -- attorney general. this is something that everyone knows him knows about because he talks about it all the time. he goes to georgetown and from georgetown he becomes the office candidate for the rhodes fellowship and goes to oxford. he is an incredible success everywhere but he cannot have a sustained ongoing relationship with a woman. he is attracted to the kind of women his mother are the beauty queens who are flirtatious and attractive. that is really where his eyes have been. until he comes back to yale law school. there he meets hillary them. >> you can watch this and other programs on line at booktv.org.
this -- harry began promoting himself as a presidential candidate. looking to the election in 1940. he leased a farm in iowa, of course. his hopes were dashed when hundreds were reporting a story about a comment that he allegedly made to a friend at the racetrack, which did not put the administration in a good light read the comment attributed to him was we shall tax and spend. whether true or not, of course, he denied it. it stuck with him for the rest of his life and became a rallying cry for those who hated roosevelt and the new deal. as if that wasn't enough, in september of 1939 when war broke out in europe, he found himself back at the mayo clinic. the doctors ruled out a recurrence of cancer, but they could not figure out why he was unable to absorb nutrients. so they gave him a blood transfusion and injections of liver extracts. a combination that was administered to him often for the rest of his life. i'm times at work and sometimes it didn't. for the rest of his life, he was unable to gain weight. his digestive system -- it was a mass. sometimes he is was on the verge of starvation
me in band. it was an elective class. i was so lucky to have been put in that class. because when i walked in there and the teacher said, what instrument do you want to play, i thought at first that i had to pay for the classes, and i asked how much it cost. he said it doesn't cost you anything, it does seem like the whole world opened up to me. i got to choose whatever instrument i wanted and i chose the saxophone and that's the one i wanted. >> host: do you still play today? >> guest: i don't play anymore. i haven't since i went off to college. when i went to uc santa cruz, they didn't have marching bands, so i didn't have anything. then i discovered a bunch of other things. i got into dance and film and video and all these other things that i was doing. and i really missed the saxophone and i wanted to get back into playing. one of my teachers pulled me aside one day. she said, it's very good if you are creative you love to explore and learn new things. but you need to choose one thing that you want to focus on, because otherwise you will be a jack of all trades. and i went home
grade. my counselor in rolled meat and banned. not something i chose. and elective van day put me there. i was so lucky to have them put in that class the cousin i walked in there my teacher said which instrument do you want to pay? i thought i had to pay per eyes of commons does it cost? he said it does not cost anything. it seemed like the whole world opened up to me i could choose whichever i wanted eyes of the saxophone that is the one i wanted. >>host: do you still play today? >>guest: i don't play any more and have not played since i graduated from city college. and then there was no marching band. but then i discovered other things with film and video and dance and other things but i really messed of saxophone but one of my teachers pulled me aside she said it is good york creative to learn new saying's but you'd need to choose one thing to focus on or you will be a jack of all trades. i went home and is thought to what can i not live without? that is when i decided right team is the one thing i could not live without so i gave up everything else. >>host: you are an award winning
was elected president and called and said congratulations for your pulitzer in history. i would love to talk to you about how to preserve historical materials and what you've noticed from the presidential libraries you for tin. and on that basis we have talked a good bit while he's been president to renew our acquaintance ship after a 20 year hiatus. c-span: have you had any discussions with him about his whole race initiative? >> guest: absolutely. yes, i have. c-span: what do you recommend to him? >> guest: i think this is a great thing. i personally think from the work that i've done that our racial dialogue in america, our discourse is far behind hour objective reality and where we are; that if you study this period and you see how parochial, how limited, how much violence, how on a custom a lot of white people were even meeting simply from a different denomination or a different section of the country, there's -- ads in the newspaper were divided not only by race, but by sex; "help wanted, female," and jobs were -- you know, for women, were secretaries and teachers. we left it up a whol
and now with elections coming in three months or so, there's a lot of political activity. but i'll focus in many about the remaining seven minutes that i am given on not this frontier province. and i also wallet to add given -- want to add given my position in a government organization all that i'm saying today are my personal views and not representative of ndu or dud. the landscape, the political landscape in what was called the northwest frontier province, that's what i focused on. this is the settled area of pashtuns. we often focus on the unsettled area of pashtuns which is federally-administered tribal area between pack tan and afghanistan with about six or seven million people. but we often forget to look at the ajoining or adjacent settled area which the british had framed it like that which is about 25 districts, 20 million people, perhaps a bit more than all the pashtuns together in afghanistan. so this is very critical. this is the connection between fatah and the rest of the mainstream pakistan, if i may call it that. what happened there in the last ten years or so had a huge
. jack kennedy did not want to go into re-election in 1964 with fidel castro still in power. >> do you think if jfk had survived, fidel castro would not have survived until 64? >> an interesting question. one of the most interesting personalities i wrote about in the book, a very senior cia officer, fits -- fitzgerald, says if kennedy had lived, castro would still not have been in power by 1964. fitzgerald, behind the most detailed, the most sophisticated assassination plot to kill castro, truly believed that. >> who is renadlod? >> he was a recruited spy by the cia, a man who had been very close to the castro brothers, a hero of the revolution, a trained assassin, accomplished assassin, recruited by the cia after a series of meetings in europe and latin america. he told the cia that he despised castro, turned against him, and he wanted to assassinate him. this was music to the ears of under tremendous pressure from the kennedy administration, especially bobby kennedy, to get the term -- the term of art was to get rid of fidel castro. he was recruited as a spy for the agency, and he wa
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